Scotland's Coastal Heritage at Risk

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Pool (6764)

Current Priority
2
East
361940
North
1037850
Site Type
Settlement
Period
4th-3rd mill BC

Extensive archaeological deposits exposed in the 100m+ coastal section are associated with a multi-period settlement. This site has been investigated over several seasons up to 1988. Interim results indicate that the earliest remains on the site date back to the Neolithic period; later Iron Age/Pictish remains, followed by Norse period structures well represented later on in the sequence. A large number of artifacts, including a Pictish symbol stone, were recovered during excavation and extensive palaeoenvironmental studies were undertaken. Deposits exposed in the section, which are up to 4m thick, include extensive deposits of midden material, structural remains and cultivation soils. The tell-like accumulation of deposits at this site shares similarities with what is currently known of several of the other 'farm mound' sites on Sanday, which may also be found to represent multiperiod settlements of very long duration. Ref.: Brogger, AW (1930) 'Den Norsk bosetningen pa Shetland-Orknoyene; Greig, S (1940) Viking Antiquities in Scotland (part II of Shetelig, H (ed) Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland); RCAHMS (1946), appendix #2; RCAHMS (1980), #84; Hunter JR (1985) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Broch, symbol stone, grooved ware settlement, stone objects', DES (1985), 66; Hunter, JR (1987) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Neolithic, Iron Age, Pictish-Norse structures: grooved ware', DES (1987), 36; Hunter, JR (1988) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Multi-period site', DES (1988).

20/04/2014

As described. Very extensive remains of dry stone structures and deeply stratified cultural deposits. At least 3 phases of activity recognisable from the section. Although excavations have taken place at Pool, un-investigated deposits are actively eroding.

Condition and current recommendations:

Condition
Fair
Action
Visit - assess condition of the site ;
Monitor site to report fresh exposures

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Record SY117 on map Sanday: Map 9 in Orkney Coastal Survey: Sanday & North Ronaldsay, 1999

Other records:

NMRS
3422
SMR
SMR290

ShoreUpdates

1 ShoreUpdate accepted and 0 pending.

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20th April, 2014 by training1
Survey Information
User:
training1
Date:
April 20, 2014
Tidal state:
low
Site located?:
Yes
Condition Information
Proximity to coast edge:
coast edge
Coastally eroding?:
active sea erosion; has eroded in the past
Is there a coastal defence?:
no
Description:

Extensive archaeological deposits exposed in the 100m+ coastal section are associated with a multi-period settlement. This site has been investigated over several seasons up to 1988. Interim results indicate that the earliest remains on the site date back to the Neolithic period; later Iron Age/Pictish remains, followed by Norse period structures well represented later on in the sequence. A large number of artifacts, including a Pictish symbol stone, were recovered during excavation and extensive palaeoenvironmental studies were undertaken. Deposits exposed in the section, which are up to 4m thick, include extensive deposits of midden material, structural remains and cultivation soils. The tell-like accumulation of deposits at this site shares similarities with what is currently known of several of the other 'farm mound' sites on Sanday, which may also be found to represent multiperiod settlements of very long duration. Ref.: Brogger, AW (1930) 'Den Norsk bosetningen pa Shetland-Orknoyene; Greig, S (1940) Viking Antiquities in Scotland (part II of Shetelig, H (ed) Viking Antiquities in Great Britain and Ireland); RCAHMS (1946), appendix #2; RCAHMS (1980), #84; Hunter JR (1985) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Broch, symbol stone, grooved ware settlement, stone objects', DES (1985), 66; Hunter, JR (1987) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Neolithic, Iron Age, Pictish-Norse structures: grooved ware', DES (1987), 36; Hunter, JR (1988) 'Sanday-Pool (Cross and Burness parish) Multi-period site', DES (1988).

20/04/2014

As described. Very extensive remains of dry stone structures and deeply stratified cultural deposits. At least 3 phases of activity recognisable from the section. Although excavations have taken place at Pool, un-investigated deposits are actively eroding.

Management Information
How visible are the remains? (above ground):
not visible
How visible are the remains? (in section):
clearly visible in section
How accessibile is the site?:
accessible on foot (no footpath)
The site is:
is well known
Comments and recommendations
Comments:

Ideal site for adoption by a local volunteer for monitoring.

March 2016: Pool has been monitored by SCHARP volunteers and observed on regular site visits from 2013-16. In that time no significant erosion has taken place despite severe weather in all of those years that impacted other areas of coastline on Sanday.

Recommendations:

Section suitable for low level aerial photography to generate structure from motion point cloud models of the coast edge and ortho-rectified photographs of the section face. This should be carried out regularly in order to monitor rate of erosion.

Regular visual inspection and photographic recording should be undertaken to monitor change, retrieve artefactual material and to alert the LA archaeologist if significant change occurs.