Scotland's Coastal Heritage at Risk

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Bay Of Stove (6750)

Current Priority
2
East
361210
North
1035310
Site Type
Coastal Exposure: Settlement Remains
Period
4th-3rd mill BC

Extensive archaeological remains have been exposed by the sea in the coastal section. These extend for 45m or more along the coast, beneath a 0.4m covering of blown sand and topsoil. The deposits include fragments of drystone walling, probable floor surfaces and stone features, in association with various anthropogenic soil deposits. To either side of this main exposure there are deep ploughsoil deposits visible in section. Chance finds have included a Neolithic mace head and flint flakes. A programme of survey work carried out in 1992 established that the settlement extended inland for approximately 16m. The erosion face was also recorded at this time. A second, late Neolithic, settlement was identified in the field behind and fieldwalking here in 1995 recovered a quantity of artifacts, including worked flint and a fragment of a polished stone axe. The site continues to be eroded by the sea and has been further damaged by rabbits and nesting fulmars. Ref.: RCAHMS (1946), #172; Stevenson, RBK (1963) ''Stove, Sanday', DES 1963, 39; RCAHMS (1980), #70; Morrison, J (1995) 'Bay of Stove (Cross & Burness parish), Late Neolithic settlement site', DES 1995, 103; Bond, J et al (1995) 'Stove Bay: a new Orcadian grooved ware settlement', Scot Archaeol Rev, 9/10, 1995. 125-130.

20/04/2014

As described. Extensive remains of dry stone walling, cultural deposits and a possible large ditch. Actively eroding.

Condition and current recommendations:

Condition
Fair/poor
Action
Visit - assess condition of the site ;
Survey site - using several techniques to characterise site

Over to you...

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Record SY103 on map Sanday: Map 8 in Orkney Coastal Survey: Sanday & North Ronaldsay, 1999

Other records:

NMRS
3458
SMR
SMR136

ShoreUpdates

1 ShoreUpdate accepted and 0 pending.

Click on an update to expand it.

20th April, 2014 by training1
Survey Information
User:
training1
Date:
April 20, 2014
Tidal state:
low
Site located?:
Yes
Condition Information
Coastally eroding?:
active sea erosion; has eroded in the past
Is there a coastal defence?:
no
Description:

Extensive archaeological remains have been exposed by the sea in the coastal section. These extend for 45m or more along the coast, beneath a 0.4m covering of blown sand and topsoil. The deposits include fragments of drystone walling, probable floor surfaces and stone features, in association with various anthropogenic soil deposits. To either side of this main exposure there are deep ploughsoil deposits visible in section. Chance finds have included a Neolithic mace head and flint flakes. A programme of survey work carried out in 1992 established that the settlement extended inland for approximately 16m. The erosion face was also recorded at this time. A second, late Neolithic, settlement was identified in the field behind and fieldwalking here in 1995 recovered a quantity of artifacts, including worked flint and a fragment of a polished stone axe. The site continues to be eroded by the sea and has been further damaged by rabbits and nesting fulmars. Ref.: RCAHMS (1946), #172; Stevenson, RBK (1963) ''Stove, Sanday', DES 1963, 39; RCAHMS (1980), #70; Morrison, J (1995) 'Bay of Stove (Cross & Burness parish), Late Neolithic settlement site', DES 1995, 103; Bond, J et al (1995) 'Stove Bay: a new Orcadian grooved ware settlement', Scot Archaeol Rev, 9/10, 1995. 125-130.

20/04/2014

As described. Extensive remains of dry stone walling, cultural deposits and a possible large ditch. Actively eroding, although slowly.

Management Information
How visible are the remains? (above ground):
not visible
How visible are the remains? (in section):
clearly visible in section
How accessibile is the site?:
accessible on foot (no footpath)
The site is:
don't know
Comments and recommendations
Comments:

A suitable site for adoption by local volunteer to monitor.

Recommendations:

Low level aerial photography pole/kite/drone photography to create an ortho-rectified detail photograph of this very long coast edge. Regular repeat of photography to monitor change.

Reassign priority 2 on basis of archaeological significance and extent of erosion. Regular visual inspection to record condition, alert LA archaeologist of significant changes and retrieve artefactual material.