Scotland's Coastal Heritage at Risk

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Ladykirk (6725)

Current Priority
2
East
367670
North
1039860
Site Type
Mound & Coastal Exposure
Period
Unknown: ?10-14th C

Suspected archaeological remains have been reported to the east and south sides of the cemetery at Ladykirk. The remains on the east side are difficult to verify; the area is uneven and overgrown and the most identifiable elements appear to be a series of quarry hollows. On the south side, an erosion face containing archaeological deposits has been exposed by the sea. This section lies to the seaward side of an amorphous mounded area, beneath the modern cemetery enclosure wall. It extends for 5m and is up to 1.5m high. The greater part of the remains comprise of a wall, buried beneath 0.8m of soil, which is up to 7 courses/ 0.9m high and slumped inward. A probable floor surface, formed from closely-fitted flat slabs, extends from the base of the wall on to the foreshore. Anthropogenic soils associated with this contain both burnt and unburnt mammal and fish bone. While the walling may be no more than the remains of an earlier cemetery enclosure, it is more likely to be the remains of an older building, possibly even of medieval date. Ref.: Marwick, H (1923) 'Antiquarian notes on Sanday', POAS, 1 (1922-3), 26-7; RCAHMS (1946) #436; RCAHMS (1980) #79.

Possible broch site. 2009 section of wall above pavement eroded to reveal culvert type structure with 1 -1.2 m midden material above including complete pig jaw and small animal bones. 2013 small slag/ironworking nodule emerging from midden material.

Condition and current recommendations:

Condition
Fair
Action
Visit - check condition; characterise site and obtain dating evidence ;
Survey site - using several techniques to characterise site

Over to you...

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Record SY78 on map Sanday: Map 6 in Orkney Coastal Survey: Sanday & North Ronaldsay, 1999

Other records:

NMRS
3397
SMR
SMR144

ShoreUpdates

1 ShoreUpdate accepted and 0 pending.

Click on an update to expand it.

20th April, 2013 by kirkhall
Survey Information
User:
kirkhall
Date:
April 20, 2013
Tidal state:
low
Site located?:
Yes
Condition Information
Proximity to coast edge:
coast edge
Coastally eroding?:
active sea erosion
Is there a coastal defence?:
no
Other threats?:
animal burrows
Description:

Suspected archaeological remains have been reported to the east and south sides of the cemetery at Ladykirk. The remains on the east side are difficult to verify; the area is uneven and overgrown and the most identifiable elements appear to be a series of quarry hollows. On the south side, an erosion face containing archaeological deposits has been exposed by the sea. This section lies to the seaward side of an amorphous mounded area, beneath the modern cemetery enclosure wall. It extends for 5m and is up to 1.5m high. The greater part of the remains comprise of a wall, buried beneath 0.8m of soil, which is up to 7 courses/ 0.9m high and slumped inward. A probable floor surface, formed from closely-fitted flat slabs, extends from the base of the wall on to the foreshore. Anthropogenic soils associated with this contain both burnt and unburnt mammal and fish bone. While the walling may be no more than the remains of an earlier cemetery enclosure, it is more likely to be the remains of an older building, possibly even of medieval date. Ref.: Marwick, H (1923) 'Antiquarian notes on Sanday', POAS, 1 (1922-3), 26-7; RCAHMS (1946) #436; RCAHMS (1980) #79.

Possible broch site. 2009 section of wall above pavement eroded to reveal culvert type structure with 1 -1.2 m midden material above including complete pig jaw and small animal bones. 2013 small slag/ironworking nodule emerging from midden material.

Management Information
How visible are the remains? (above ground):
highly visible (substantial remains)
How visible are the remains? (in section):
clearly visible in section
How accessibile is the site?:
easily accessible- no restrictions; accessible on foot (no footpath)
The site is:
is well known
Comments and recommendations
Recommendations:

Monitoring. Geophysics to ascertain extent/ basis for substantial (+5m) mound immediately to east of field wall. Past 4 years have seen limited sea erosion but imminent collapse of field wall (approx 1 m high) standing on top of midden and substantial rabbit burrowing are breaking up/ collapsing compacted section.

Reassign priority 2

Photos

kirkhall's image
ladykirkwide by kirkhall
kirkhall's image
ladykirkwide by kirkhall
kirkhall's image
ladykirk south by kirkhall