Scotland's Coastal Heritage at Risk

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Lopness (6674)

Current Priority
1
East
375889
North
1043690
Site Type
Coastal Exposure: Settlement
Period
1st mill BC-1st mill AD

Archaeological deposits are intermittently visible in a section of eroding coastline close to an occupied house (SY28, HY74SE21). The remains of at least one drystone structure is exposed. This contains a flagged floor, built over an old ground surface and is covered by a stony destruction horizon and up to 0.5m of blown sand and topsoil. To the south, a 1.5m thick band of deposits comprises structural remains and anthropogenic soils containing shell and bone. The remains would appear to be part of a settlement, possibly of prehistoric or early historic date. A mounded area behind the coast edge may indicate the presence of further archaeological deposits inland. Refs.: Skea name-list; RCAHMS (1980) #80.

03/05/2015 As described. The remains of at least one structure are visible in section. Towards the south end of the exposed section, dry stone walls and a flag floor are visible. At the north end, a complex of drystone walling and internal structures are exposed. Ruined croft-like buildings stand above the remains behind the coast edge, these are not depicted on either the 1st or 2nd edition OS maps.

Condition and current recommendations:

Condition
Fair/poor
Action
Visit - check condition; characterise site and obtain dating evidence ;
Survey site - using several techniques to characterise site

Over to you...

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Record SY27 on map Sanday: Map 2 in Orkney Coastal Survey: Sanday & North Ronaldsay, 1999

Other records:

NMRS
3588
SMR
SMR285

ShoreUpdates

1 ShoreUpdate accepted and 0 pending.

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4th May, 2015 by training1
Survey Information
User:
training1
Date:
May 4, 2015
Site located?:
Yes
Condition Information
Proximity to coast edge:
coast edge
Coastally eroding?:
active sea erosion
Description:

Archaeological deposits are intermittently visible in a section of eroding coastline close to an occupied house (SY28, HY74SE21). The remains of at least one drystone structure is exposed. This contains a flagged floor, built over an old ground surface and is covered by a stony destruction horizon and up to 0.5m of blown sand and topsoil. To the south, a 1.5m thick band of deposits comprises structural remains and anthropogenic soils containing shell and bone. The remains would appear to be part of a settlement, possibly of prehistoric or early historic date. A mounded area behind the coast edge may indicate the presence of further archaeological deposits inland. Refs.: Skea name-list; RCAHMS (1980) #80.

03/05/2015 As described. The remains of at least one structure are visible in section. Towards the east end of the exposed section, dry stone walls and a flag floor are visible. At the west end, a complex of drystone walling and internal structures are exposed. Ruined croft-like buildings stand above the remains behind the coast edge, these are not depicted on either the 1st or 2nd edition OS maps.

Management Information
How visible are the remains? (in section):
clearly visible in section
How accessibile is the site?:
accessible- difficult terrain; accessible on foot (no footpath)
The site is:
don't know
Comments and recommendations
Recommendations:

Priority 1. Record section. Not practical to do anything further.